Abstract：Anthropogenic climate change is widely accepted as scientific fact by the majority of scientists around the world. However, the awareness of climate change varies among groups of people from different regions, nations, and cultures. The Chinese government has recognized climate change as a scientific fact and has made greater efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change. It has made progress in some areas, but is also facing some important challenges. The efforts of Chinese government to cope with climate change have prompted sociologists to focus on the environmental constraints of China's transition to modernization, with particular attention to the social complexities of the Chinese government’s policy design and practice in addressing climate change. In addition, with their distinct sociological perspectives, sociologists are making due contributions to improving design and efficacy of climate change policy.