Abstract：Abstract: THE SOCIAL CONTRACT OR PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL RIGHT has always been regarded as a political classic, in which Rousseau put forward the famous thesis: “man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains.” With social contract theory, he tried to politically put each person’s “natural liberty” into “civil liberty.” The advantages of “natural liberty” over “civil liberty” is due to general will, as well as to benefits of the political body formed on the basis of general will. At the level of theory, Rousseau ensured the legitimacy of general will, the essence of which is absolutely right. However, as finalizing of general will in practice step by step, its legitimacy is almost facing the risk of impairment everywhere. In order to prevent the loss of its legitimacy, Rousseau devoted his entire energy and thought to fortify step by step. Finally, he realized that political design alone can not guarantee the legitimacy of general will without the help of mores, thus he designed a set of corresponding “civil religion.” However, the political traces of this civil religion is too heavy. So, it looks like a little bit harsh. In view of this, Durkheim and other later social theorists attempted to find a new basis of mores for French society.
$author.xingMing_EN. Justice and Corrupt of General Will, as well as How to Rebuild its Mores as Foundation——the Social Theoretical Meanings of THE SOCIAL CONTRACT OR PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL RIGHT[J]. Sociological Review of China, 2017, 5(1): 85-96.