Abstract：Policy research drive by the state-centrism, emphasis the importance of the role of government, ignoring the fact that the implementation of the policy is embedded in the specific social context of social structure, traditional culture concept.In this paper, we back to the social position, focusing on the impact of Lineage Networks to Birth Control Policy in Rural China, To analysis how informal system affect policy implementation when informal norms are in conflict with formal rules, then test the hypothesis of “Bending The Iron Bars”. Based on the Community data of Chinese Family Panel Studies in 2010, we find that, Lineage Networks still have a significant impact on Birth Control Policy in Rural China. Data analyses show that, villages with strong kinship networks tend to have lower financial penalty of Birth Control Policy. And the more complex the Structure, The more low capacity of Lineage Networks to bend the iron bars of formal institutions. Again, the higher the proportion of the bigest clan popular in the total population of village, the lower financial penalty of Birth Control Policy. It also means that, in the process of policy formulation or implementation, we must fully consider the social environment, especially the traditional social structure, which implementation of the policy is embedded in.
$author.xingMing_EN. How Informal System Affect Policy Implementation in the Context of the Conflict——Lineage Networks versus Birth Control Policy in Rural China[J]. Sociological Review of China, 2017, 5(1): 23-35.